General Surgery is a surgical specialty that focuses on the abdominal contents including: the esophagus, stomach, small bowel, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder and bile ducts.
General Surgery also manages cases involving: the breast, skin, hernia repair and trauma.
Surgery, whether elective or emergent, can be done for a variety of reasons:
Diagnostic- a diagnostic procedure may be recommended when the person has signs that something may be wrong.
For example, they may report unusual symptoms or have a positive test result. An example of diagnostic surgery would be a breast biopsy.
Prevention- the removal of tissue to stop a disease from happening.
An example of this type of surgery is an operation to remove bowel polyps that may turn cancerous if left untreated.
Ablation- the surgical removal of tissue. Typically, ablative surgery involves cutting out diseased or severely damaged body parts.
An example of this would be having a mastectomy (removal of a cancerous breast).